What causes mosaic in tomato?
Leftover plant debris is the most common contagion. Tomato mosaic virus of tomatoes can exist in the soil or plant debris for up to two years, and can be spread just by touch – a gardener who touches or even brushes up against an infected plant can carry the infection for the rest of the day.
Does mosaic virus stay in the soil?
Unlike TMV (tobacco mosaic virus), CMV is not seedborne in tomato and does not persist in plant debris in the soil or on workers’ hands or clothing. The occurrence of this virus is erratic and unpredictable; consequently, control of this disease can be difficult.
Can mosaic virus spread to other plants?
If the sap contains TMV, it can be introduced into other plants when those come in contact with this sap. Sucking insects such as aphids do not spread TMV. Chewing insects such as grasshoppers and caterpillars occasionally spread the virus but are usually not important in spread.
How can we control yellow mosaic virus?
Seeds are to be treated with insecticides like carbosulfon at 30gm or monocrotophos at 5ml per one kg seed before sowing. Follow crop rotation and maintain soil health management. Grow suitable region wise resistant varieties. Use seeds collected from disease-free plants.
Is mosaic virus harmful to humans?
“These viruses are specific to plants and do not harm humans. The presence of mosaic won’t cause fruits to rot prematurely but severely distorted fruit will have a different texture, so use your own judgement.”
Can mosaic virus affect tomatoes?
There are many viruses that can infect tomatoes. They are often capable of infecting many other species of plants as well. For example, tomato mosaic virus most often infects tomatoes, but can also infect pepper, potato, apple, pear, cherry and numerous weeds, including pigweed and lamb’s quarters.
How do I get rid of tomato virus?
Prevention & Treatment: There are no chemical controls for viruses. Remove and destroy infected plants promptly. Wash hands thoroughly after smoking (the Tobacco mosaic virus may be present in certain types of tobacco) and before working in the garden. Eliminate weeds in and near the garden.
Which crop is generally affected by mosaic disease?
mosaic, plant disease caused by various strains of several hundred viruses. A number of economically important crops are susceptible to mosaic infections, including tobacco, cassava, beet, cucumber, and alfalfa.
Does smoke affect tomato plants?
Tobacco can give tomatoes the disease Tobacco Mosaic Virus (ToMV). If you chew or are a smoker of tobacco – commercial cig’s or organic, do not smoke around your tomatoes and do not touch them without washing your hands thoroughly with soap and water.
Can you eat a watermelon with mosaic virus?
Yes, you can eat squash and melons that are infected with mosaic virus. These viruses are not harmful to humans and do not cause the fruit to rot. Often the discoloration is only skin deep. In cases where fruit are severely distorted, the texture of the fruit may be affected and may not be desirable for eating.
How quickly does mosaic virus spread?
Comments on the Disease
Cucumber mosaic virus is spread from plant-to-plant by many species of aphids. Aphids only retain the ability to transmit these viruses for very short periods of time (minutes to a few hours). Thus, spread is often very rapid and local.
What plants does mosaic virus infect?
Mosaic viruses affect a wide range of edible crops – alfalfa, apples, beans, celery, corn, cucumbers, figs, peppers, spinach, tobacco and tomatoes are some of the more common ones. They can also infect ornamental plants like abultilon, delphinium, gladiola, marigold, petunia and one of the most notable, roses.
What is leaf mosaic?
Definition of leaf mosaic
1 : the arrangement of foliage in most plants (as in the common ivy) in such a pattern as to expose the maximum number of leaves to the direct rays of the sun with little loss of intervening space.
Which microbe causes yellow mosaic disease in plants?
Mungbean yellow mosaic virus (MYMV) is a plant pathogenic virus of the family Geminiviridae.
|Mungbean yellow mosaic virus|
|Species:||Mungbean yellow mosaic virus|
What does mosaic virus do?
THE TOBACCO MOSAIC VIRUS
Tobacco mosaic virus causes a mottled browning of tobacco leaves, and accordingly is of major economic importance. It also infects other crops, most notably tomatoes. The virus is spread mechanically from infected plants to scratched or damaged leaves of normal plants.