To understand a weaving draft, imagine that you are floating above your loom looking straight down at it. A weaving draft is the graphic representation of what you would see. There are 4 parts to the weaving draft: the tie-up, the threading, the treadling and the draw down.
Where can I find weaving drafts?
Handweaving.net is a digital weaving archive with drafts, historic weaving documents, and more. This website contains 74721 hand weaving drafts, many of which are public domain.
What is the weave technique?
Weaving is a method of textile production in which two distinct sets of yarns or threads are interlaced at right angles to form a fabric or cloth. Other methods are knitting, crocheting, felting, and braiding or plaiting. … The way the warp and filling threads interlace with each other is called the weave.
How do you read a Swedish weaving draft?
In the tie-up, treadle 1 is the treadle at the far right; the treadles are numbered from right to left. The tie-up gives the shafts that are down, rather than those raised. And finally, the threading and tie-up are at the bottom of the draft and the treadling is read from bottom to top.
How do you beat weaving?
Each time a weaver throws a line (or ‘pick’) of weft, they need to push that weft into place to make a clean and even grid. This is called beating the weft. On a multi-shaft loom, you beat by swinging the beater bar towards you.
What is weaving used for?
Weaving is a type of fabric construction where two sets of threads, the warp and the weft, interlace at right angles to create cloth suitable for a variety of functions. Weaving is done on a loom, which holds the warp threads under tension allowing them to be intersected by the weft.
What is hand weaving?
To explain, hand-weaving involves working with one (or more) continuous weft threads (horizontal threads) passing through the warp (vertical threads) row upon row along the length of the fabric (by hand or machine). … Hand-weaving also typically involves creating patterns.
What are the 3 basic types of weaving?
The three basic weaves are plain, twill, and satin.
How is weaving different from knitting?
The main difference between Knitting and weaving is that knitting means to entangle the threads in such a way that they run parallel to each other whereas in weaving the threads are warped to form a criss-cross pattern. … A piece of knitted fabric is very stretchable whereas a woven fabric is much elastic.
What is the strongest type of weave?
The plain weave, or linen weave as it is also called, is the simplest of all types of weave. Here, the threads are woven together one after the other. This weave is one of the strongest weaves, as the threads are constantly crossing over each other.
What are treadles in weaving?
The treadle (or foot) loom was introduced by the Spanish to Mayan weavers shortly after the Conquest. … Instead of lifting the warp by a heddle rod by hand as on a backstrap loom, the warp on a treadle loom is lifted mechanically by a series of foot pedals.
How do you read a draft pattern?
No matter how the loom got threaded, the left side of the draft matches the left side of the threaded heddles. Shaft 1 is closest to you and shaft 4 is farthest away. The usual way to read the draft is from right to left, starting from the tie-up corner, but it can be read in either direction.
What is Treadling in weaving?
The treadling is a part of the draft where conventions differ. Sometimes it is read from top to bottom; sometimes from bottom to top. How is a weaver to know which way to go? In practice it may not matter which way you go: a twill diamond will be a twill diamond, whichever end you start.