The History of Huichol Yarn Paintings: Huichol Yarn Painting comes from the Huichol (pronounced “wee chol”) Indian people, who live in western Mexico in the Sierra Madre mountain range. The yarn paintings traditionally depict Huichol myths and ceremonies, but modern works can represent stories of today’s world.
What Indians of Mexico make yarn paintings?
The rugged mountains and remote villages of the Sierra de Nayarit north of Guadalajara are the homeland of roughly ten to fourteen thousand Huichol Indians.
What are yarn paintings?
Yarn paintings consist of commercial yarn pressed into boards coated with wax and resin and are derived from a ceremonial tablet called a neirika. The Huichol have a long history of beading, making the beads from clay, shells, corals, seeds and more and using them to make jewelry and to decorate bowls and other items.
What is the cultural significance of yarn painting?
The yarn paintings portray the Huichol belief that people are connected to nature and all living things. These spiritual artworks are part of the rituals the Huichols participate in on a regular basis, and they begin learning them at a very young age.
What is Mexican yarn painting?
Nierikas (pronounced Near-eeka) are traditional yarn paintings made by the Huichol people. Natural glue, made from tree resin and beeswax, is applied to a board, and yarn is pressed into it and left to harden. The designs and symbols on the Nierikas are based on their myths, stories and personal daily activities.
Is Nayarit Aztec or Mayan?
The indigenous people of Nayarit are distantly related to the Aztecs. The region of Nayarit was influenced by the Toltec people (AD 900-1200) and the Aztecs (1427-1519), although was never controlled by either. Nayarit was the twenty-eighth state admitted to the United Mexican States on January 26, 1917.
What are pictures made of yarn called?
Yarn paintings are literally what they sound like, paintings made of yarn. Originally yarn paintings were from the Huichol Native Americans.
Where are the Huichol people from?
Huichol and Cora, neighbouring Middle American Indian peoples living in the states of Jalisco and Nayarit in western Mexico. Numbering together about 40,000 in the late 20th century, they inhabit a mountainous region that is cool and dry.
What is Mexican Huichol?
The Huichol or Wixárika are an indigenous people of Mexico and the United States living in the Sierra Madre Occidental range in the states of Nayarit, Jalisco, Zacatecas, and Durango, as well as in the United States in the states of California, Arizona, New Mexico, and Texas.
What does the sun represent in Huichol art?
THE SUN – Brings light and illumination to the world. Tayaupa is father sun, master of the heavens, and his wife is the Eagle, mother of the sky and goddess of life. The Huichols believe all living things receive their power from the sun, and that He guarantees healthy crops and abundant food.
What does Huichol mean in Spanish?
Definition of Huichol
1 : a member of an American Indian people of the mountains between Zacatecas and Nayarit, Mexico. 2 : the Uto-Aztecan language of the Huichol people.
What does Nierika mean?
Negrín quotes Lumholtz as stating that for the Huichol and Tepehuan “a nierika means a picture, an appearance, or a sacred representation.” The term nierika is etymologically rooted in the verb nieriya, “to see”.
How is Huichol yarn art made?
Huichol paintings are made with beeswax spread on wood, then left to warm in the sun. The artist then scratches his design into the wax with a sharpened stick. The lines of the drawing are then filled in by patiently twisting and coiling colored yarns.
How is Huichol made?
One primary art form consists of gourds and carved wooden objects, which are coated with beeswax, then decorated with colorful glass beads pressed into the wax. … Yarn paintings are another primary art form the Huichol create. The brilliantly colored yarn paintings are made by pressing strands of yarn into beeswax.