How can you identify basic weft knitted structures?

How do you identify weft knit fabric?

Weft knitting is when yarn runs horizontally, from side to side, across the width of the fabric.

Characteristics of this fabric include:

  1. Very elastic.
  2. Warm to wear.
  3. Comfortable.
  4. Different properties can be achieved depending on the yarns used.
  5. Does not fray.
  6. Various patterns can be achieved.
  7. Good insulator.

What are the basic structures of weft knitting?

Four primary base weft knitted structures–plain, rib, interlock and purl–are the base structures from which all weft knitted fabrics and garments are derived. Each is composed of a different combination of face and reverse meshed stitches, knitted on a particular arrangement of needle beds.

What are the characteristic of the basic type of weft knits?


  • Stretch crosswise and lengthwise.
  • Stretches more in the crosswise.
  • Tend to run or ladder if stitch breaks.
  • Fabric less stable and curls when cut.
  • Special finishes counteract curling and improve stability.
  • Highest machine productivity.
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How can you identify a knitted fabric?

If the threads appear to have loops, then it’s knit; if the threads have a perpendicular criss-cross pattern, it’s woven. Check for stretch. Knit fabrics will have much more stretch than woven fabrics.

What is the difference between warp knitting and weft knitting?

Warp knitting differs from weft knitting, basically in that each needle loops has its own thread. … In warp knitting the needles produce parallel rows of loops simultaneously that are interlocked in a zigzag pattern, while in weft knitting the needles produces loops in the widthwise direction of the fabric.

What is the characteristics of warp knit?

In comparison with weft-knit structures, warp knits are typically run-resistant and are closer, flatter and less elastic. The two common warp-knit fabrics are tricot and raschel (Fig.

What are three basic stitches in weft knitting?

The basic stitches in weft knitting are face loops, reverse loops, float stitches and tuck stitches. Transferring stitches to adjacent needles creates openwork effects (Tables 1.7 and 1.8). Single jersey fabrics are knitted on one bed of needles which means that the loops are all intermeshed in the same direction.

What is weft knitted?

Weft knit – Produced when knitting with two needles, it uses one continuous yarn that produces horizontal rows of loops that interlock. It frays, can ladder and lose its shape when worn frequently. It is used to produce most garments, such as T-shirts, tights and jumpers.

What are the 2 types of weft knitting machines?

***According to their frame design and needle bed arrangement, types of weft knitting machines may be broadly classified as either:

  • Straight bar frame machine.
  • Flat knitting machine.
  • Circular knitting machine.
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What is the most common weft knit?

Among all types of weft knit fabrics, the single jersey fabric is most popular.

What are knitting elements?

There are three basic elements of knitting,such as 1. Needle 2. Cam 3. Sinker The Needles: The needles are most important stitch forming elements.

How tuck stitch affects knitted fabric structure explain?

Effect of tuck stitches

►The structure with tuck stitches is wider than with knit stitches as the loop shape has a wider base. ►As the loop length is shortened, the tuck stitched structure is less extensible. ►Due to thicker in nature, the tuck stitched fabric is heavier in weight per unit area than the knit stitches.

What do you know about warp and weft?

weaving, lengthwise yarns are called warp; crosswise yarns are called weft, or filling. Most woven fabrics are made with their outer edges finished in a manner that avoids raveling; these are called selvages. They run lengthwise, parallel to the warp yarns.

How do I identify fabric?

To conduct a test, cut a small sample of fabric, hold it with a pair of tweezers and place it over a small flame. Take all necessary precautions and keep a bowl of water nearby to extinguish the flame when the test is complete. Observe the sample for the results listed here to determine the fibre content. removed.