The Basilica of San Vitale in Ravenna, Italy, is one of the most important examples of early Christian Byzantine art and architecture in Europe. It is particularly well-known for the range of artful mosaics lining its walls and floor.
Where is the apse mosaic?
The apse mosaic in the Basilica di Santa Pudenziana in Rome on the Esquiline Hill is one of the oldest extant apse mosaics. The apse mosaic in the Basilica di Santa Pudenziana in Rome on the Esquiline Hill is one of the oldest extant apse mosaics.
What is the apse mosaic?
Apse mosaics are a form of visual communication employed by popes throughout the Middle Ages, from the sixth through to the thirteenth centuries. … The apses of thirteenth-century popes display a new, more explicit approach to visual messaging that required less interpretive effort by the viewer.
How many mosaics are in San Vitale?
Inside, the intrados of the great triumphal arch is decorated with fifteen mosaic medallions, depicting Jesus Christ, the twelve Apostles and Saint Gervasius and Saint Protasius, the sons of Saint Vitale.
What is the Emperor Justinian mosaic made of?
It was dedicated to the martyr Vitalis, the patron saint of Ravenna. At the time, the city was the capital of the Western Roman Empire. The octagonal structure is made of marble and capped by a lofty terra-cotta dome. The celebrated mosaics were strongly influenced by similar work at Constantinople (Istanbul).
What was the significance of Virgin and Child mosaic in the apse of Hagia Sophia?
The Theotokos mosaic of the Virgin and Child, in the central apse of the Hagia Sophia, is believed to reconstruct an earlier sixth century mosaic destroyed during Iconoclasm. It combines the Early Byzantine style with the new development of softer folds, increased modeling, and the addition of perspective .
Why was Sacre Coeur built?
The purpose of the church was to protect the French, but also for them to be forgiven for all their sins since the French Revolution. Legentil managed to get a law from the National Assembly declaring that the construction of the Sacre-Coeur was of public interest.
Where is the apse located in a church quizlet?
The rounded east end of a Gothic cathedral, including the apse and ambulatory. An aisle encircling the end of the choir or chancel of a church. Also called deambulatory. The part of a church occupied by the singers of a choir, usually part of the chancel.
What is the room behind the altar called?
sacristy, also called vestry, in architecture, room in a Christian church in which vestments and sacred objects used in the services are stored and in which the clergy and sometimes the altar boys and the choir members put on their robes.
Who created the apse?
It was built by the cardinal and priest of San Clemente, Anastasius, who is documented between 1102 and 1125, and it rises above its predecessors’s centre and left side aisles. The structure was completed and consecrated around 1118-19. The mosaic decoration of the apse is generally dated to this time.
Did Justinian ever visit Ravenna?
The Justinian and Theodora Mosaics in San Vitale
(Justinian never actually visited Ravenna.) … It shows Justinian I, emperor of the (East) Roman Empire clad in imperial purple with a saint-like halo.
How old are the mosaics in Ravenna?
Ravenna is on the tourist map for one reason: its 1,500-year-old churches, decorated with best-in-the-West Byzantine mosaics. Known in Roman times as Classe, the city was an imperial port for the large naval fleet.
Who made the mosaics in Ravenna?
Designed and built by Theodoric as his Arian palace chapel as stated in the Liber Pontificalis, the Basilica was reconsecrated as a Catholic church in 561, as part of the suppression of all references to Theodoric’s Arian faith, including the reworking of its mosaics.
Who painted the court of Empress Theodora mosaic?
Empress Theodora and her Court (detail) by MOSAIC ARTIST, Byzantine.
What was Justinian’s nickname?
He is called “Saint Justinian the Emperor” in the Eastern Orthodox Church. Because of his restoration activities, Justinian has sometimes been known as the “Last Roman” in mid-20th century historiography.
What are the small pieces of glass used in a mosaic called?
tessera, (Latin: “cube,” or “die”, ) plural Tesserae, in mosaic work, a small piece of stone, glass, ceramic, or other hard material cut in a cubical or some other regular shape. The earliest tesserae, which by 200 bc had replaced natural pebbles in Hellenistic mosaics, were cut from marble and limestone.