Who made the Theotokos mosaic?
This mosaic was, however, made by the Emperor Basil I after the earthquake of January 9, 869.
What is the Theotokos mosaic?
The Theotokos mosaic of the Virgin and Child, in the central apse of the Hagia Sophia, is believed to reconstruct an earlier sixth century mosaic destroyed during Iconoclasm. It combines the Early Byzantine style with the new development of softer folds, increased modeling, and the addition of perspective .
Who is depicted in the Theotokos mosaic located in the Hagia Sophia?
The Deësis mosaic in Hagia Sophia
The monumental Deësis mosaic depicts Christ flanked by the Virgin Mary and John the Baptist approximately two and a half times larger than life. The looming stature of these three figures reflects their importance in Byzantine culture.
Who made the Virgin and Child mosaic Hagia Sophia?
On the left, emperor Justinian, who built Hagia Sophia between 532–537, offers a domed model of Hagia Sophia—the very church in which this mosaic is located—to the Virgin and Child.
When was Theotokos mosaic made?
The Virgin and Child (theotokos) Mosaic, in the Apse of Hagia Sophia, c. 867 – Byzantine Mosaics – WikiArt.org.
What is Byzantine art history?
Byzantine art, architecture, paintings, and other visual arts produced in the Middle Ages in the Byzantine Empire (centred at Constantinople) and in various areas that came under its influence.
What is Emperor Justinian I noted for?
Justinian is best remembered for his work as a legislator and codifier. … He also sponsored the codification of laws known as the Codex Justinianus (Code of Justinian) and directed the construction of several important cathedrals, including the Hagia Sophia. Byzantine Empire. Learn about this historical Eastern empire.
What means Theotokos?
Theotokos, (Greek: “God-Bearer”), in Eastern Orthodoxy, the designation of the Virgin Mary as mother of God.
What is Byzantine architecture known for?
Byzantine architects were eclectic, at first drawing heavily on Roman temple features. Their combination of the basilica and symmetrical central-plan (circular or polygonal) religious structures resulted in the characteristic Byzantine Greek-cross-plan church, with a square central mass and four arms of equal length.
Who are the original architects of Hagia Sophia?
The resultant Hagia Sophia was built in the remarkably short time of about six years, being completed in 537 ce. Unusual for the period in which it was built, the names of the building’s architects—Anthemius of Tralles and Isidorus of Miletus—are well known, as is their familiarity with mechanics and mathematics.
Who ordered the building of the Hagia Sophia?
The third Hagia Sophia was completed in 537, and it remains standing today. The first religious services in the “new” Hagia Sophia were held on December 27, 537. At the time, Emperor Justinian is reported to have said, “My Lord, thank you for giving me the chance to create such a worshipping place.”
What is Theodora and attendants?
One of the most studied mosaics of the Byzantine church of San Vitale in Ravenna , Italy is Empress Theodora and Her Attendants, a companion piece to Emperor Justinian and His Attendants. The mosaics were completed in 547 AD, shortly before the consecration of the church.
Where did the name Hagia Sophia come from?
Initially called the Great Church (Megale Ekklesia in Greek, Magna Ecclesia in Latin) because of its immense size, the second incarnation of the church came to be known by the name Hagia Sophia around 430 CE. Its Greek meaning, “Holy Wisdom,” remained after the church was rebuilt a century later.
What was Justinian’s nickname?
He is called “Saint Justinian the Emperor” in the Eastern Orthodox Church. Because of his restoration activities, Justinian has sometimes been known as the “Last Roman” in mid-20th century historiography.
What is the purpose of the Justinian mosaic in San Vitale?
This mosaic thus establishes the central position of the Emperor between the power of the church and the power of the imperial administration and military. Like the Roman Emperors of the past, Justinian has religious, administrative, and military authority.